Talk about color
The topic of the article was inspired by our partner, artist and friend Marina Pugachova in her recent post. It was about the fact that all cultures of the heyday used bright saturated open colors, and cultures of the period of decay, on the contrary ...
Is there a similar trend today? For the most part, gray, powdery, blurry colors prevail in interiors these days - is this connected with the current period of the end of one era and the beginning of a new one, the period of transformation and change? .. Color is a certain vibration - are the “fashionable” colors now correlating and shades with the transition of mankind to an increased frequency in a global sense and maybe it is worth letting paint into our lives and the interior?
So, let's talk about color.
Let's start with the theory. First of all, it is necessary to understand its basic principles. Let us first turn to the so-called three properties of color; they represent the general language of theory. - Hue - the name of a particular color (for example, red, blue, yellow). - Saturation is the pallor or darkness of a shade (color). - Intensity determines the brightness or dullness of the hue (color). Pure shades are high intensity. Dull shades - respectively, have a low intensity. A color wheel based on red, yellow, and blue is a traditional form of color scheme in the field of art. The first color chart was created by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666. Since then, scientists and artists have studied and proposed their own versions of this principle; to this day, disputes about which system is better and more reliable have not subsided. In fact, any color wheel with a logically structured system of pure shades has a place to be. There are three basic colors: red, yellow and blue. These are three pigment colors that cannot be obtained by mixing other colors. All other colors are derived from these three shades. The colors of the second group include green, orange and purple. These colors are obtained by mixing the base colors. The colors of the first and second groups together form the six most vivid colors of the spectrum. Mixing each color with the neighboring one, we get six more colors - the colors of the third group. This group includes yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green and yellow-green. These colors are obtained by mixing one basic and one secondary color. In industry, the NCS color model has been widely used to describe the color of products. The Natural Color System. It is based on a system of opposing colors and was proposed by the Scandinavian Institute of Color (Skandinaviska Färginstitutet AB), Stockholm, Sweden. When describing colors according to NCS, six simple colors are used: white, black, red, yellow, green and blue. All other colors are represented by a combination of primary colors (for example, orange is simultaneously reddish and yellowish). This facilitates an intuitive understanding of the color from its encoded recording, while in systems such as RGB (red, green, blue) the mental visualization of color by three digits is quite complicated. In the color description, proximity to black is taken into account - the darkness of the color, the purity of the color (saturation) and the percentage ratio between the two primary colors. A full color record may also include a code letter denoting a version of the NCS standard.The colors of the flag of Sweden are described in the NCS as 0580-Y10R (yellow) and 4055-R95B (blue) For example, the colors of the Swedish flag in the NCS system are defined as follows: ⦁ Yellow - NCS 0580-Y10R (5% dark, 80% saturated, 90% yellow and 10% red - slightly dark, almost saturated yellow with a slight shade of orange) ⦁ Blue - NCS 4055-R95B (40% dark, 55% saturation, 5% red, 95% blue - rather dark enough desaturated blue with a slight shade of purple). Catalogs are issued for color determination by the NCS system. The latest edition of the color fan contains 1950 colors. The disadvantages of NCS are: limited applicability, incomplete coverage of the color space, inaccurate description of the color of shiny surfaces, the complexity of measurement without instruments. In determining the color of our products, we also mainly use the NCS system, less often - RAL. RAL - German color standard, developed in 1927 by the State Committee for the conditions of supply (Reichs-Ausschuss fur Lieferbedingungen) at the request of manufacturers of paints and varnishes. RAL has set the standard for color space by dividing it into ranges and designating each color with a unique digital index. Since then, RAL gGmbH has been constantly developing and adding new color patterns to meet the needs of the market. Numerous notations accompanying color examples guarantee a clear and concise means of communication that is understandable in many areas of industry. The developed universal color selection system is in demand in many industries where the correct understanding of color is needed. The classic RAL color collection, which has become the standard for color selection since 1927. Now the series includes 213 colors, including 17 metallic. Four-digit numbers, (No.XXXX) where 1xxx - yellow (30 pieces), 2xxx - orange (13 pieces), 3xxx - red (25 pieces), 4xxx - purple (12 pieces), 5xxx - blue (25 pieces), 6xxx - green (36 pieces), 7xxx - gray (48 pieces), 8xxx - brown (20 pieces), 9xxx - light and dark (14 pieces), the number of shades is indicated including metallic. Classic RAL colors are used in various industries: paint and varnish production, tinting, architecture, design (graphic, industrial, transport, interior, printing and even urban environments). In the following articles we will go a little deeper into the process of colorizing our products.